Belief systems

Spirit/soul

There has been many people that will say that the spirit or soul are two separate things. In my opinion they are one in the same. I've heard people say, " if you search deep in your soul your'll know what the truth is." That is true. Deep down we all know what the truth is because only our spirit/soul tells us so. 

Some will say that our conscious tells us. Your spirit/soul is your conscious. It guides us to know what is wrong and what is right. We have been taught all a certain belief system and I won't tell you whether its wrong or right but, I'll tell you that you have a spirit/soul and if you let it guide you it will never steer you wrong. 

The Christian religion teaches that our spirit is part of God and that when we die it will go back to him. Most religions have this belief or something close to it. 

The spirit/soul is very important to who and what we are as humans. Your spirit/soul will always be the one thing that will never die and it will always pull you the right way if your wanting to learn more about who you really are.  

Religions

There are about 1o different living religions in the world. Each one has different belief systems. As you read about each one you will notice that there will be one belief that some will have in common. They all believe in a higher power. 


Hinduism, Buddhism, Christianity and Islam are the four major religions of the world. Hundreds of thousands to millions of people have very strong beliefs in each of these religions. 


Over the years many people have been leaving their religions because they've lost faith in them. Its become to much about money and not enough about study and helping each other. I'm not saying that we shouldn't give money to them but, the money needs to go for helping others. Isn't that what Jesus wanted by showing how we should treat people. 


Were going to be looking at how the religion came about. Each religion has a history or past. We'll show how they've changed and some information might just surprise you. 


Religions

Hinduism

Hinduism is an Indian religion or a way of life. It has been called the oldest religion in the world. Some Practitioners and Scholars refer to it as Sanatana Dharma. Scholars regard Hinduism as a fusion or synthesis of various Indian cultures and traditions with diverse roots and no founder. It started to develop between 500 BCE and 300 BCE following the Vedic period, 1500 BCE to 500 BCE.

Hindu texts are classified into Sruti: Heard and Smrti- remembered. These texts discuss theology, philosophy, mythology, Vedic yajna, yoga, agamic rituals and temple building.

 Major scripturses include, The Vedas and upanidhades, the bhagavad gita and the agamas.

Hindu beliefs include, Dharma- ethics/duties, Artha- prosperity/work, Kama- desires/passions, Moksha- liberation/freedom/salvation, Karma- action, intent and consequences, Samsare- cycle of rebirth, yogas.

 Hindu practices include Puja- worship, recitations, meditation, family-oriented rites of passage, annual festivals and occasional pilgrimages.

Hinduism is the world's third largest religion with followers numbering about 1.15 billion. 

Buddhism

Buddhism is a religion and dharma that encompasisies a variety of traditions, beleifs and spiritual practices largely based on original teachings attributed to the Buddha and resulting interpreted philosophies. 

Buddhism originated in Ancient India sometime between the 6th and 4th centuries BCE. It spread through much of Asia. 

Two major branches of Buddhism are, Theravada-Pal: The school of the Elders, and Mahayana- Sanskrit: the great vehicle. 

Buddhism is the world's fourth largest religion, with over 520 million followers. 

Buddhist schools vary on the exact nature of the Path to liberation, the importance and canonicity of various teachings and scriptures.

Practices of Buddhism include taking refuge in the Buddha, the dharma, the sangha, study of scripture, observance of moral precepts, renunciation of craving and attachment, meditation including calm and insight, the cultivation of wisdom, loving-kindness and compassion.

Jainism

Jainism, traditionally known a Jain Dharm, is ancient of the Indian religions.

The three main principles of Jainism are Ahimsci- non-violence, Anekantavada- non-absolutism and Aparigratha-non-attachment.

The three vows are Satya- truth, astray-not stealing, brahmacharya- celibacy and chastity.

They were the leading vegetarian lifestyle idealists on avoiding doing harm to animals.

Jains trace their history through twenty-four victorious dviors and teachers, known as Tirthankaras, firsh being rishabhanathat, who is believed to have lived the Mahavira around 500 BCe.

Jainism is an eternal dharma.

Jainism has between four and five million followers, most in India. 

Daoism

Shinto

Confucianism

Religions continued

Judaism

Christianity

Islam

Sikhism

Wiccans

New Age

Insights of the mind

Metaphysics

Metaphysics is a branch of philosophy exploring the fundamental questions, including the nature of concepts like being, existence, and reality. It has two branches- cosmology and ontology. Traditional metaphysics seeks to answer, in a suitably abstract and fully general manner, the questions, 1. what is there? 2. what is it lie?

Topics of metaphysical investigation include existence, objects and their properties, space and time, cause and effect, and possibility. A central branch of metaphysics is ontology, the investigation into the basic categories of being and how they relate to one another.

There are two broad conceptions about what "world" is studied by metaphysics the strong, classical view assumes that the objects studied by metaphysics exist independently of any observer, so that the subject is the most fundamental of all sciences. The modern view assume that the objects studied by metaphysics exist inside the mind of an observer, so the subject becomes a form of introspection and concetual analysis.


Prayer

Spirituality

Meditation

Dogma

Trinity

Insight of the mind continued

Mindfulness

Wisdom

Angels

Guru

Yoga

Enlightenment

Enlightenment, a movement of the 18th century that stressed the belief the science and logic give people more knowledge and understanding the tradition and religion.

In Buddhism- a final spiritual state marked by the absence of desire or suffering. 

Insight of the mind continued

Rituals

Faith

Faith is confidence or trust in a particular system of religious belief, in which faith may equate to confidence based on some perceived degree of warrant.

Myths

Sin

Reincarnation

People

God

In Monotheistic thought, God is believed to be the surpreme being and the principal object of faith. The concept of God, as described by theologians, commonly includes the attributes of omniscience-all knowing, omnipotence-unlimited power, omnipresence-present everywhere, divine simplicity, and as having as eternal and necessary existence. 

God is most often held to be incorporeal-immaterial, and to be without gender, although many religions describe God using masculine terminology, using such terms as him or father and some religions attribute only a purely grammatical gender to God. 

God has been conceived as either personal or impersonal. In theism, God is the creator and sustainer of the universe, in deism, God is the creator, but not the sustainer of the universe. In pantheism, God is the universe itself. In atheism, God is not believed to exist, while God is deemed unknown or unknowable within context of agnosticism.

There are many names for God, " I am that I am." YHWH, Yahweh and Jehovah. In Christian doctrine of the Trinity, God is called the father, the son, and the Holy Spirit. 

Buddha

Krisna

Jesus Christ

Jesus also referred to as Jesus of Nazareth and Jesus Christ, was a Jewish preacher and religious leader. He is the central figure of Christianity. Most Christians believe him to be the incarnation of God the son and the awaited Messiah prophesied in the of Testament.

Jesus was a Galitean Jew who was baptized by John the Baptist and subsequently began his own ministry, preaching his message orally and often being referred to as rabbi.

Christian doctrines include the beliefs that Jesus was conceived by the Holy Spirit, was born of a virgin named Mary, performed miracles, founded the church, died by crucifixion as a sacrifice to achieve atonement, rose from the dead, and ascended into Heaven, from where he will return.

Muhammad

Holy Spirit

People continued

Minister

Mysticism

Mysticism is popularly known as becoming one with God or the absolute, but may refer to any kind of ecstasy or altered state of consciousness which is given a religious or spiritual meaning. It may also refer to the attainment of insight in ultimate or hidden truths, and to human transformation supported by various practices and experiences. 

Shaman

A Shaman is someone who is regarded as having access to, and influence in, the world of benevolent and malevolent spirits, who typically enters into a trance state during a ritual, and practices divination and healing. The word Shamam probably originates from the Tungusic Evenki language of North Asia. 

Healer

A person who claims to be able to cure a disease or injury using special powers.